This page examines the flours commonly used for bread making and baking. It covers bread flour, all purpose flour, gluten-free flour, whole wheat flour and many more. These flours are used to make sandwich breads, pizzas, rolls, cakes, etc. Depending on the flour that you use, you can change the flavor, nutrients and fiber content contained in a wide variety of breads and baked goods.
Flour in Measuring Cup
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- All Purpose Flour – This flour is used most often for baked goods such as cookies, banana breads, cakes, etc.
- Bread Flour – Bread flour is used primarily for making sandwich breads, rolls, baguettes, etc.
- Gluten Free Flour – This type of flour is used to create gluten free baked goods.
- Rye Flour – Rye flour is used to make deli-style rye bread, pumpernickel, etc.
- Self-Rising Flour – This flour is usually a mixture of wheat flour, baking powder and salt.
- Whole Wheat Flour – Whole wheat flour is often used to add extra fiber to bread and baked goods. It also adds a different texture and flavor to bread and baked goods.
- White Whole Wheat Flour – White whole wheat flour is a little harder to find than regular whole wheat flour. It is a lighter colored and milder tasting whole wheat flour.
Specialty Flours – Many specialty flours (i.e. coconut flour) do not behave the same way as wheat flours (in terms of rising, etc.). For the best baking results, look for recipes specifically designed to use these specialty flours. These recipes will include additional instructions and/or ingredients in order to maximize the baked good’s success.
- 00 Flour – 00 flour (or double zero flour) is a very finely ground wheat flour. It is often used to make pizza, etc.
- Almond Flour – Almond flour is made from ground almonds.
- Banana Flour
- Buckwheat Flour – This flour adds an “earthy” flavor to baked goods.
- Cassava Flour – This flour is made from cassava roots.
- Chickpea Flour – This flour is also known as garbanzo flour.
- Coconut Flour – Coconut flour is made from dried coconut.
- Corn Flour (Masa Harina Flour) – This finely ground corn flour is often used to make tortillas, tamales, etc.
- Oat Flour – Oat flour differs from oatmeal. Oat flour is a finely grounded powder whereas oatmeal consists of larger oat “flakes”.
- Peanut Flour
- Pecan Flour
- Potato Flour – Potato flour is occasionally added to wheat flour recipes in order to create a moister bread and add a slight potato flavor.
- Rice Flour
- Semolina Flour – This flour is made from hard durum wheat.
- Soybean Flour
- Spelt Flour – Spelt (Triticum Spelta) is an ancient type of wheat. According to Wikipedia, “Spelt was an important staple food in parts of Europe from the Bronze Age to medieval times… Spelt originated before common wheat (Triticum aestivum)”.
- Walnut Flour
- Cornmeal – This ingredient is often combined with all purpose flour to create baked goods such as cornbread, etc.
- Multigrain Cereal – Used to make multigrain breads, etc.
- Old Fashioned Oatmeal (Oat Flakes) – Used to make oatmeal bread, oatmeal cookies, etc.